Impact of the New Education Policy 2020 on students
We all are aware that the Narendra Modi government, in the year 2020, announced a new education policy 2020.
So, let’s understand in brief about it:
The new education policy 2020 enacts numerous changes in India’s education policy. It aims to increase state expenditure on education from around 3% to 6% of the GDP as soon as possible.
The “10 + 2” structure will be replaced with “5+3+3+4” model. This will be implemented as follows:
Foundational Stage: This is further subdivided into two parts: 3 years of preschool or anganwadi, followed by classes 1 and 2 in primary school. This will cover children of ages 3-8 years. The focus of studies will be in activity-based learning.
Preparatory Stage: Classes 3 to 5, which will cover the ages of 8-11 years. It will gradually introduce subjects like speaking, reading, writing, physical education, languages, art, science and mathematics.
Middle Stage: Classes 6 to 8, covering children between ages 11 and 14. It will introduce students to the more abstract concepts in subjects of mathematics, sciences, social sciences, arts and humanities.
Secondary Stage: Classes 9 to 12, covering the ages of 14-19 years. It is again subdivided into two parts: classes 9 and 10 covering the first phase while classes 11 and 12 covering the second phase. These 4 years of study are intended to inculcate multidisciplinary study, coupled with depth and critical thinking. Multiple options of subjects will be provided.
Instead of exams being held every academic year, school students will only attend three exams, in classes 2, 5 and 8.
Board exams will be continued to be held for classes 10 and 12 but will be re-designed. Standards for this will be established by an assessment body, PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development). To make them easier, these exams would be conducted twice a year, with students being offered up to two attempts. The exam itself would have two parts, namely the objective and the descriptive.
The new education policy 2020 policy aims at reducing the curriculum load of students and allowing them to be more “inter-disciplinary” and “multi-lingual”. One example given was “If a student wants to pursue fashion studies with physics, or if one wants to learn bakery with chemistry, they’ll be allowed to do so.” Report cards will be “holistic”, offering information about the student’s skills.
Coding will be introduced from class 6 and experiential learning will be adopted.
The Midday Meal Scheme will be extended to include breakfasts. More focus will be given to students’ health, particularly mental health, through the deployment of counsellors and social workers.
The new education policy 2020 proposes a 4-year multi-disciplinary bachelor’s degree in an undergraduate programme with multiple exit options. These will include professional and vocational areas and will be implemented as follows:
A certificate after completing 1 year of study
A diploma after completing 2 years of study
A Bachelor’s degree after completion of a 3-year programme
A 4-year multidisciplinary Bachelor’s degree (the preferred option)
MPhil (Masters of Philosophy) courses are to be discontinued to align degree education with how it is in Western models.
A Higher Education Council of India (HECI) will be set up to regulate higher education. The council’s goal will be to increase gross enrollment ratio. The HECI will have 4 verticals:
National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC), to regulate higher education, including teacher education, while excluding medical and legal education.
Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC), for funding and financing of universities and colleges. This will replace the existing National Council for Teacher Education, All India Council for Technical Education and the University Grants Commission.
General Education Council (GEC), to frame “graduate attributes”, namely the learning outcomes expected. It will also be responsible in framing a National Higher Education Qualification Framework (NHEQF). The National Council for Teacher Education will come under the GEC, as a professional standard setting body (PSSB).
Other PSSBs will include professional councils such as Veterinary Council of India, Council of Architecture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research and National Council for Vocational Education and Training.
The National Testing Agency will now be given the additional responsibility of conducting entrance examinations for admissions to universities across the country, in addition to the JEE Main and NEET.
The new education policy 2020 proposes that higher education institutes like the IITs make changes with regard to the diversity of learning.
The new education policy 2020 proposes to internationalize education in India. Foreign universities can now set up campuses in India.
The fees of both private and public universities will be fixed.
In short, the aim of new education policy 2020 is to provide infrastructure support, innovative education centres to bring back dropouts into the mainstream besides tracking of students and their learning levels, facilitating multiple pathways to learning involving both formal and non-formal education modes etc.
Some of the Positive Points of new education policy 2020:
1) Students can learn all Science, Arts and Commerce subjects in one stream.
2) 10+2 replaced with 5+3+3+4 under Indian New Education Policy 2020.
3) Vocational Job training and study.
4) Student can assess own report card.
5) 6% of the GDP reserved for Education only.
6) Foreign Institutes can set up campuses within India.
Some of the Negative Points/Drawbacks of new education policy 2020:
1) In the new education policy 2020, language is a negative factor as there is a problematic teacher to student ratio in India, thus introducing mother languages for each subject in academic institutes is a problem.
2) Students willing to complete their graduation have to study for four years while one can easily complete his/ her diploma degree in two years. This might encourage the pupil to leave the course midway.
3) According to the new education policy 2020, students of the private schools will be introduced to English at a much earlier age than the students of the Government schools.
Now, let’s look at the impact of the new education policy 2020 on students.
Looking at all of the above points, the new education policy 2020 has proposed sweeping changes in the Indian education system – much-awaited and anticipated changes. Many top schools have been looking towards international boards for their global-level education. Thus, this decision of new education policy 2020 by the government will encourage parents like you to consider the national curriculum as well.
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