Interior design is the art and science of enhancing the interior of a building to achieve a healthier and more aesthetically pleasing environment for the people using the space. An interior designer is someone who plans, researches, coordinates, and manages such enhancement projects. Interior design is a multifaceted profession that includes conceptual development, space planning, site inspections, programming, research, communicating with the stakeholders of a project, construction management, and execution of the design.
Duties of an Interior Designer:
An interior designer typically does the following:
Search for and bid on new projects
Determine the client’s goals and requirements for the project
Consider how the space will be used and how people will move through the space
Sketch preliminary design plans, including electrical and partition layouts
Specify materials and furnishings, such as lighting, furniture, wall finishes, flooring, and plumbing fixtures
Create a timeline for the interior design project and estimate project costs
Place orders for materials and oversee the installation of the design elements
Oversee construction and coordinate with general building contractors to implement the plans and specifications for the project
Visit the site after the project is complete, to ensure that the client is satisfied.
Essential Qualities & Skills of an Interior Designer:
An interior designer typically has an interest in the Creating and Persuading interest areas.
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Also, an interior designer should possess the following specific qualities:
Artistic ability- An interior designer uses their sense of style, to develop designs that look great and are aesthetically pleasing.
Creativity- An interior designer needs to be imaginative in selecting furnishings and fabrics and in creating spaces that serve the client’s needs and fit the client’s lifestyle.
Detail oriented- An interior designer needs to be precise in measuring interior spaces and making drawings, so that furniture and furnishings will fit correctly and create the appropriate environment.
Interpersonal skills- An interior designer needs to be able to communicate effectively with clients and others. Much of their time is spent soliciting new clients and new work and collaborating with other designers, engineers, and general building contractors on ongoing projects.
Problem-solving skills- An interior designer must address challenges, such as construction delays and the high cost or sudden unavailability of selected materials, while keeping the project on time and within budget.
Visualization– An interior designer needs a strong sense of proportion and visual awareness, to understand how pieces of a design will fit together to create the intended interior environment.
Here are some of the best Institutes in India for an interior designer:
1) National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad-
Year of establishment: 1961
An autonomous body which has been established under the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India, National Institute of Design (NID), Ahmedabad has three campuses which are the heritage campus located at Paldi in Ahmedabd, the postgraduate campus which is located at NID, Gandhinagar and R&D campus situated at Bangalore.
In order to secure admissions in any programme offered at NID, aspirants need to clear the Design Aptitude Test (DAT).
Programmes offered at main campus of NID Ahmedabad are in disciplines such as:
Product Design (2½ years)
Furniture & Interior Design (2½ years)
Ceramic & Glass Design (2½ years)
Graphic Design (2½ years)
Animation Film Design (2½ years)
Film & Video Communication (2½ years)
Textile Design (2½ years)Programmes offered at NID’s PG Campus, Gandhinagar are as follows:
Transportation & Automobile Design (2½ years)
Toy & Game Design (2½ years)
Photography Design (2½ years)
Apparel Design (2½ years)
Lifestyle Accessory Design (2½ years)
New Media Design (2½ years)
Strategic Design Management (2½ years)
Programmes offered at R&D Campus, Bengaluru are as follows:
Information & Interface Design (2½ years)
Design for Digital Experience (2½ years)
Design for Retail Experience (2½ years)
2) CEPT University, Gujarat-
Year of establishment: 1991
The Faculty of Design at CEPT University was established in 1991. CEPT University has five faculties which are – Faculty of Architecture, Faculty of Planning, Faculty of Technology, Faculty of Design and Faculty of Management.
Students can secure admissions into interior design programmes on offer by CEPT University by clearing the entrance exam conducted by the university.
Bachelor of Interior Design
Master of Interior Architecture & Design
International Master of Interior Architectural Design
3) Indian Institute of Art and Design, Delhi-
Year of establishment: 2015
Located in Okhla region of the Capital, IIAD offers its courses in collaboration with Kingston University, London. All the students graduating from IIAD get globally-recognised degree from Kingston university, which was ranked as the number 1 design school in UK by the Guardian University League Tables 2020. Interior Design course offered at IIAD include:
BA (Hons) Interior Architecture & Design
Apart from this, the institute also offers other UG and PG courses such as:
BA (Hons) Fashion Design
BA (Hons) Communication Design
Master’s in Fashion Design
Master’s in Fashion Business Management
4) Arch Academy of Design, Jaipur-
Year of establishment: 2000
Spread over an area of 24,000 sq feet, Arch Academy of Design offers admissions to candidates in its interior design course on the basis of their performance in AIEED (All India Entrance Exam for Design). Apart from this entrance exam, aspirants also need to submit a portfolio and thereafter take part in an interview round in order to be shortlisted for admissions.
Programmes which are of two year duration are as follows:
Critical Study in Art and Design, Materials & Construction Techniques-2
Wood in Art & Design, Glass in Art and Design, Interior Furnishing-2
Furniture Design-I (Ergonomics, Anthropometry), Building Services-I
2D, 3D and Time-based Digital Applications, SketchUp, AutoCAD-I
Project Design, Implementation & Evaluation, Home Styling
Design Project (Residential)
Programmes which are of three year duration are as follows:
Research Project, Building Services-2, Light Metals in Art & Design
AutoCad- 2, Furniture Design-2, Advanced Construction Techniques
Estimation & Costing-1, 3Ds Max Software, Landscape Design
Design Project (Commercial)
Programmes which are of four year duration are as follows:
Estimation & Costing –2, Commercial Model Making, Design Project (Industrial)
Exhibition & Retail Design, Entrepreneurship Skills Development
Professional Practice in Art & Design, Internship
Certificate courses offered are as follows:
Foundation Studies Certificate in Art & Design
Bachelor’s Degree in Interior Design from KSOU
Pearson Edexcel Btec Level 5 Hnd (3D Design)
Arch Diploma in Interior Design
5) JJ School of Arts-
Year of establishment: 1857
Sir J.J. School of Art began in 1857 with elementary drawing and design classes at Elphinstone institute. With the initial aim of imparting European academic art knowledge in the sub-continent, the college developed with the establishment of art and craft departments with rich diversity of culture in India as the resource point.
Candidates are offered admissions into various design programmes offered at JJ School of Arts on the basis of their performance in MH-AAC-CET (Maharashtra Applied Arts and Crafts Common Entrance Test).
BFA Metal Work
BFA Textile Design
BFA Interior Decoration
MFA Painting in Portrait
MFA Painting in Creative Painting
MFA Painting in Graphics
MFA Painting in Mural
Diploma Culture and Modelling
Art Teacher Diploma
Diploma in Art Education
Art Master Certificate
6) College of Architecture-
Year of establishment: 1914
The Maratha Vidya Prasarak (MVP) Samaj as established by the Late Raosaheb Thorat, Ganpat Dada More, D.R. Bhonsale, Vitthalrao Kandalaskar and Kirtivantrao Nimbalkar. It further states that, The Samaj now runs 78 Pre Primary and Primary schools, 146 Secondary Schools, 18 Hostels, 2 Junior Training Colleges, 49 Higher Secondary Schools, 11 Degree Colleges, 8 ITI colleges, Medical College, Engineering College, College of Architecture and Center for Design, College of Pharmacy, College of Education, College of Physical Education, School of Fine Arts, Printing Press and 4 Management Institutes. The M.V.P. Samaj is one of the largest educational institutions in India, which caters to the demand in North Maharashtra. The total strength of students in the branches of the Samaj is 1,93,990.
Candidates are eligible to secure admissions in design courses offered at College of architecture on the basis of their performance in Common Entrance Test (CET) which is conducted by the college. The CET comprises of General Ability Test, Creative Ability Test and Studio Test.
List of interior Designing courses offered at this college include:
Certificate course in Interior design
Diploma in Interior Design
Advance Diploma in Interior Design
BSc in interior Design
MSc in Interior Design
8) Pearl Academy-
Location: Delhi, Noida, Mumbai, Jaipur
Year of establishment: 1993
The Interior Design course offered at Pearl Academy is of two year duration and its validation is from Domus, Milan. Aspirants are selected for admissions in various design courses offered at different campuses of Pearl Academy on the basis of their performance in the written test followed by the personal interview round.
BA (Hons) Fashion Design
BA (Hons) Fashion Styling & Image Design
BA (Hons) Fashion Media Communication
BA (Hons) Interior Architecture and Design
BA (Hons) Product Design
BA (Hons) Jewellery Design
BA (Hons) Communication Design
BA (Hons) Fashion & Lifestyle Business Management
BA (Hons) Fashion & Lifestyle E-commerce
Post Graduate Diploma in Fashion Design
Post Graduate Diploma in Fashion Styling & Image Design
Post Graduate Diploma in Fashion Communication
Post Graduate Diploma in Interior Design & Styling
Post Graduate Diploma in Jewellery Design
Post Graduate Diploma in Communication design
Post Graduate Diploma in Fashion Business – Marketing and Merchandising
Post Graduate Diploma in Fashion Business (Lifestyle Retail)
Post Graduate Diploma in Fashion & Lifestyle E-commerce
Post Graduate Diploma in Luxury Brands
9) Vogue Institute of Fashion Technology-
Year of establishment: 1996
Admission into interior design programmes on offer at Vogue Institute of Fashion Technology is on first-cum-first serve basis.
Vogue Institute of Fashion Technology imparts training and education in vocational as well as post-graduation level programmes in disciplines like design, management as well as technology.
Programmes on offer at Vogue Institute of Fashion Technology are as follows:
Master degree programmes in Fashion
Animation and Multimedia
Interior design programmes offered at Vogue Institute of Fashion Technology are as follows:
Interior Design & Management – MBA (IDM)
Degree programme ins Interior Design BSc (ID)
Graduate Diploma in Interior Design (GDID)
Weekend Batches for Interior Designing
10) Sai School of Interior Design-
Location: New Delhi
Year of establishment: 1998
Degree and Diploma programmes offered at Sai School of Interior Design are in affiliation with LASE Deemed University, Rajasthan.
At Sai School of Interior Design, students are trained in various spheres of interior designing by undergoing theory modules followed by extensive practical exposure.
Programmes offered at this design school are in disciplines like:
Hardware & Networking
CADInterior design programmes offered at Sai School of Interior Design are as follows:
Profession Course in Interior Design
Advanced Professional Course in interior Design